fulinta LADM isticmaalaya INTERLIS - Colombia

Usbuuca saddexaad ee Juun 2016 waxaa la siiyey koorsada INTERLIS, oo loo arko luqad iyo qalab si loo fududeeyo fulinta Maamulka Dhulka Domain Model (LADM) ee maareynta maareynta dhulka ee Colombia.

Koorsada waxaa loo dejiyay laba heer, mid ka mid ah heer asaasi ah / aragti ah oo leh kooxo badan oo ka mid ah jaamacadaha kala duwan oo ku xiran maamulka xuduudaha, doonaya inay fahmaan waxa INTERLIS tahay, isticmaalka codsiyada horumarsan, sida loo isticmaali karo iyo natiijooyinka codsigeeda Maamulka Dhulka ee Dalalka Bartamaha / Bariga Yurub; maalinta labaad ee koorsada ayaa ah mid waxtar badan leh oo leh koox ka kooban takhasus yar oo khaas ah, kuwaas oo ka qaybqaatay dhismaha qaabka LADM ee Colombia.

Caqabad xiiso leh, oo maskaxda ku haysa in fududeeyaha koorsadu yahay Michael Germann, ma jirto mid ka mid ah kuwa ku hadla LADM oo ku salaysan INTERLIS dhacdadii ugu dambaysay ee FIG, oo ay weheliso Jürg Kaufmann, Daniel Steudler, Christiaan Lemmen, Peter Van Oosterom iyo Kees de Zeeuw. Oo waxaan dhihi karaa caqabad, sababtoo ah astaamaha heerkani waxa ay inta badan haystaan ​​xaddidaadyo markay soo bandhigaan mawduucyada sigaarcabka ka hor inta aan la dhagaysan dhagaystayaasha caadiga ah ee ka jira Latin America.

Waa maxay INTERLIS?

Waa luuqad shisheeye ah (Luqadda Qorshaha ee Conceptual - CSL), oo loo isticmaali karo sharraxaadda qaabka, in kasta oo loo isticmaali karo nidaam kasta, ayaa ku takhasusay qaababka geospatial, maaddaama ay ku jiraan noocyo kala duwan oo joomatari ah. Waa in la ogaadaa in INTERLIS ma aha software, laakiin luuqada dhexe dhexdhexaad ah, taas oo ay ku jirto habka wareejinta xogta oo si toos ah looga sooco qaabka; INTERLIS sidoo kale ma aha luuqadda barnaamijka, inkastoo ay leedahay qormo u gaar ah oo si sax ah loogu qeexayo tusaalayaasha, oo ay ku jiraan qeexidda caqabadaha (caqabadaha).

LADM INTERLIS COLOMBIA

format kala iibsiga xogta waa duubanayaan (INTERLIS-1) ama XTF (INTERLIS-2, XML) derivative, sidii hore u soo sheegnay, model xogta by xeerarka caadiga ah. Qaybinta adag ee u dhaxaysa qaabeynta iyo kala iibsiga (Tusaale ahaan habka loo leexiyay) waa mid aad u xiiso badan, sababtoo ah asalka ayaa siinaya mudnaanta sigaarka LADM oo markii horeba suurtagalisay su'aasha ugu dambeysa Oo haatan bal maxaan ka samaynaa dhimashada?

transfuse ee INTERLIS ku dhowaad socotaan 30 sano 1989 markii Swiss ay bilaabeen in ay dabble in isticmaalka kombiyuutarada hoos hababka casriga ah. Marka la isticmaalayo computer ah in dalka tan iyo horaantii 70 ah, waa iyada oo loo marayo mashruuca loo yaqaan maqlyay (Official Cadastral Reform) si ay u sameeyaan soo jeedinta la fikrad dhexe ku salaysan xorriyad in isticmaalka hababka ugu leh shuqulka cadastral. Waa wax iska cad in hordhaca ah ee mabda this maldahan baahida loo qabo in la xal madal madax banaan for sharaxaad iyo kaydinta xogta, iyo tani waa sida INTERLIS-1 dhashay 1989. Waa falsafada qiimo leh dhalashada, amarba amar ah "xoriyadda in isticmaalka hababka" sababtoo ah waxa ay dhiirri-degmo kasta, waaxda, gobolka juqraafi ama cidda hay'adaha isticmaali kartaa qalab ku haboon in ay, inta aad ku eekaan INTERLIS waxaa laga yaabaa in Wadarta wada shaqeynta Duuliyayaashu waxay ahaayeen bilowga bilaha sagaalaad, ee 1993 tusaalaha koowaad ee rasmiga ah ee rasmiga ah ayaa la daabacay; xiiso leh haddii aan tixgelin doonna in 1994 2014 bilaabay initiative Cadastre in ugu danbeyn lagu daabacay 1998.LADM INTERLIS COLOMBIA

Ka dib markii la bilaabay ee model cadastral rasmi ah ugu horeysay, waxaa jira horumar ka mid ah qalabka ugu horeysay sida Compiler cadeeyo Saan saxda ah ee lagu daydo, Translator noqotay xogta ka mid ah model in kale, iyo XTF saxe si loo ansixiyo xogta ka dhanka ah model ah; 1998 iyo 2006 dhexeeya horumaray INTERLIS-2 iyo sanad in saxe waa la daabacay hoos liisan free. Waayo, 2007 INTERLIS noqdo heer qaran ee Switzerland iyo 2014 durbaba jiraan 160 lagu daydo ee SDI qaranka, ayaa ku tilmaamay in heerka, taas oo ka mid ah oo kale ayaa sameeyay aasaas u ah olole caalami ah oo ku Xadidaada cusub Diiwaanka Land Law Public on Property , wax ka qabashada 2014 Cadastre.

Sida gabagabada hordhaca ah, INTERLIS ma aha luuqada barnaamijka, laakiin waa luuqad sharaxaad iyo wareejinta xogta. Inkasta oo ay ku qoran tahay UML, waxay leedahay noocyo kale oo xog ah sida wareejinta iyo cusbooneysiinta xogta hore u laheyd.

Faa'iidooyinka INTERLIS

Faa'iidada ugu weyn waa "xoriyada hababka". Waxaa muhiim ah in la taageero fikradaha 2014 Kadib, gaar ahaan marka la eegayo xoriyadda madaxbannaanida mawduucyada mowduucyada laakiin nidaamka tixraaca isku midka ah; marka lagu daro dabacsanaantiisa si loo abuuro qaababka xogta guud ahaan, inkastoo ay lagama maarmaan tahay in la arko haddii ay u egtahay mindida Milatari ee Swiss-ka ee ujeedka.

Waxaa si sahlan u fahansan khabiirada IT-da iyo sidoo kale khubarada ku takhasusay maaraynta dhulka. Waxaa la fahamsan yahay in qoraalka iyo qawaaniinta si ay u soo saaraan qaabka wareejinta, waa la baari karaa oo ansixin karaa barnaamijyada kombiyuutarada.

Faa'iidooyinka kale waxay qabaan in si fudud loo hirgelin karo, inkasta oo ka dib markaad eegto bogga buugga 160 ... Waa inaan qirayaa in ay qaadato dadaal ugu yaraan toddobaad si loo arko tusaalooyin iyo isku day in ay dhisto. Dabcan, haysashada qaab lagu dhejiyo tifaftiraha UML kadibna soo saaro codsiga dalabka ama qaabka jireed ee diiwaanka ayaa hubaal ah in uu horey u sii socdo ... haddii ay si fiican u qabteen, dabcan.

Buugani wuxuu ku qoran yahay Jarmal, Faransiis iyo Ingiriisi. Iyada oo faa'iido leh in marka la ansixiyo ee Colombia ay dadaal ku bixisay in la helo version Spanish oo hubaal ah in ay tahay habka hagaajinta; waxaan rajeyneynaa inaan diyaar u noqon karno si deg deg ah www.interlis.ch.

Farqiyada u dhexeeya INTERLIS-1, INTERLIS-2 iyo luqado kale

Nidaamka 2 ee INTERLIS waa sheyga ujeedada, ujeeddo badan oo taageeraya fasallo adag oo adag; wuxuu ku habboon yahay version 1 wuxuuna horay u taageeri lahaa kordhin, caqabado culus iyo kala wareega XML.

Marka la barbardhigo hababka iyo luqadaha kale, INTERLIS waa ka saxan yahay kan UML fudud, inkastoo wax waliba ku saleysan tahay luqadan. Intaa waxaa dheer in ay tahay mid si gaar ah u khusaysa juquraafi ahaan jaangoynta noocyada kala duwan ee walxaha (dhibco, xariiqyo, arcs, meelaha iyo dusha). Marka la barbardhigo GML, waxay fududeysaa macaamilka, taas oo aan xitaa ku jirin LADM iyo kuwa naga mid ah ee isku dayay inaan u dirno adeegyada WFS iyada oo adeegsaneysa GML waxaan fahamsanahay xaddidaadda. INTERLIS hadda waa qayb ka mid ah maktabadda OGR / GDAL (2.0) oo waxaad arki kartaa faylasha XTF adoo isticmaalaya QGIS. Qalabka kale ee Aaladaha Furan ayaa u oggolaanaya jiilka xog ururinta PostgreSQL / PostGIS, soo dejinta xogta qorshahaas iyo dhoofinta faylka XTF (ili2pg). Dabcan waxaa jira codsiyo gaar ah oo badan oo ka mid ah kuwa ugu waawayn, GEONIS ee ArcGIS oo ku salaysan FME, GeosPro Geomedia, INTERLIS for AutoCAD Map3D.

LADM INTERLIS COLOMBIA

Sida horay loo sheegay, isticmaalka INTERLIS waxaa jira qaar ka mid ah codsiyada muhiim u Qaabaynta iyo xogta ansaxinta on freeware shatiyeyn caadiga ah, sida Compiler, Editor UML iyo saxe.

INTERLIS Compiler waxay u adeegtaa si loo ansixiyo Saan ee model ah, saxe INTERLIS ah si loo ansixiyo waafaqid ee file a xogta ku saabsan model ah sharaxayaa, sidaas si la isticmaalo waxay u baahan tahay model ah (kordhin .ili) iyo iibsiga file ( .itf o.xtf); sidoo kale waxay u baahan tahay fulinta qaababka qaabeynta kordhin file .cfg (meesha looga baahan yahay waxaa lagu qeexaa marka la eego addeecidda ugu yaraan la model). Editor UML The waddaa dhex umleditor.jar jidaynayey qorsheyaasha edit aragga INTERLIS. Hadda waxaa kaliya oo ku qoran Faransiis iyo Jarmal. Gui waa xoogaa heer hoose marka loo eego VisualParadigm ama naqshada Enterprise, si kastaba ha ahaatee waa muhiim in aasaaska - iyo waxa fiican in abuuraa code model la Saan saxda ah.

Habka Codsiga

Hawlgalku wuxuu markii hore fuliyay ujeeddada "waxaanu geeriyootika ahayn inaanu ka cabsanayn moodooyinka", taas oo muujinaysa in aan aqrinno. Maalintii labaad, waxaan u shaqeynay qeexidda mawduucyada; marka la eego xaaladda Swiss ee LADM,

Mawduucyada waxaa loo isticmaalaa:

  • -Catastro
  • - Daboolka daboolka
  • Xakamaynta Xirmooyinka
  • -Magaajinta ceelasha-biyaha

Marka la eego qaabka loo yaqaan 'Model Model Colombian', waxaa la sameeyey qaab la mid ah:

  • -Catastro
  • -Diiwaangelin
  • -Ordenmiento Territorial
  • iwm

Kadibna maadooyinka uu ku qeexay:

  • -Catastro Walxaha:
  • -Deegaanka Point
  • -Muddo (waxaa ku jira dhulalka iyo dhismaha)
  • Xuduudaha maamulka
  • -qarbaax balaadhan
  • - Meelo jimicsi leh
  • - Meelo dhaqaale
  • -Atc.

Ugu dambeyntii, qawaaniinta qaarkood ee iminka LADM ayaa amar lagu bixiyey, tusaale ahaan, haddii loo baahdo in la tirtiro, haddii fasalada ay noqon doonaan jamac ahaan ... iwm. Waxaa lagu soo jeedinayaa in mawduucyada ay ku yaaliin Plural, halka fasallada ku jira jaangooyooyinka. Sidaa darteed, on duulimaadka, qaabku wuxuu u baxay sidan oo kale:

Mawduucyada Xakamaynta Maqalka =

END control_points;

Dhismayaasha Muuqaalka =

! Xuduudda

! Dhulka, Dhismaha, ...

END;

XADGUDUBADA MEELAYNTA =

! Qeybta Maamulka

! Xuduudda Xuduudaha

END;

Noocyada, hoosaadyada iyo xeerarka ayaa markaa la isku darayaa; Waxay u muuqataa mid adag, laakiin ma aha. Iyada oo kala duwanaanshaha habka Colombian uu leeyahay qiyamkiisa, laba maalmood ayaa suurtogal ah in la dhiso qaabka INTERLIS ee LADM oo la dhisay bishii March. Latin America waxay si dhab ah u sameeyaan wareegyo dheeraad ah, marka lagu daro dhammaan lahjadaha, noocyada iyo hoosaadyada ku jira qaabka INTERLIS; waxyaalaha laga yaabo in ay ugu dambeyn burburaan. Fiiri sida fudud ee qaabka Dutchku yahay:

!! --------------------
!!
!! ISO 19152 LADM LOCM NADA NIDAAMKA NLS NIDA QAABILSAN INTERLIS 2
!!
!! --------------------
!! taariikhda dib u eegista
!! --------------------
!!
!! 03.02.2014 / mg: version hore
!! 17.11.2014 / mg: qaar ka mid ah sixitaanka ereyada
!!
!! --------------------
!!
!! (c) Maaraynta Sharciga ee Swiss (www.swisslm.ch)
!!
!! --------------------

INTERLIS 2.3;

QIIMAHA LOOGU TALAGALAY LADM_NL (en)

AT "http://www.swisslm.ch/models"
VERSION «2014-02-03» =

IMPORTS OGEYSIISKA ISO_Base;
IMPORTS OGEYSIISKA ISO19107;
IMPORTS OGEYSIISKA ISO19111;
IMPORTS OGEYSIISKA ISO19115;
IMPORTS OGEYSIISKA ISO19156;
IMPORTS LAGU HESHO LADM_Base;
IMPORTS LAGU HESHO LAMBAR;

DOMAIN
Tilmaamaha UnknownValueType =
END UnknownValueType;

CLASS NL_SpatialUnit (ÖHRACT) XAASHIDA LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_SpatialUnit =
cabbir (LAYLI): LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_DimensionType;
landConsolidationInterest: LIST {0..5} ee UnknownValueType;
iibsato
mugga (LAYLI): LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_VolumeValue;
END NL_SpatialUnit;

Mawduuca LADM_NL =

CLASS NL_Party EXTENDS LADM.Party.LA_Party =
magaca (HAGAHA): CharacterString;
Doorka (LAYLI): LADM.Party.LA_PartyRoleType;
END NL_Party;

CLASS NL_AdminSourceDocument EXTENDS LADM.Administrative.LA_AdministrativeSource =
sheegasho: Sarrifka;
iibsato
END NL_AdminSourceDocument;

CLASS NL_RRR (SOMALIA) XADIISKA LADM.Addinistrative.LA_AdministrativeSource =
sharaxaad: CharacterString;
END NL_RRR;

CLASS NL_BAUnit XAFIISKA LADM.Administrative.LA_BAUnit =
magaca (HAGAHA): CharacterString;
END NL_BAUnit;

CLASS NL_RealRight EXTENDS NL_RRR =
nooca la iibsaday: (kale);
type type: (kale);
END NL_RealRight;

CLASS NL_Restriction EXTENDS NL_RRR =
END NL_Restriction;

HORDHAC NL_Mortgage LOAD LADM.Addinistrative.LA_Mortgage =
sharaxaad (LAYLI): CharacterString;
END NL_Mortgage;

FASALKA NL_Parcel XAASHIDA NL_SpatialUnit =
END NL_Parcel;

CLASS NL_BuildingUnit EXTENDS NL_SpatialUnit =
END NL_BuildingUnit;

CLASS NL_Network SHAQOOYIN LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_LegalSpaceUtiliyNetwork =
cabbir (LAYLI): LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_DimensionType;
landConsolidationInterest: LIST {0..5} OF CharacterStringListValue;
Iyo sidoo kale ilaa aad ka hesho END LADM_NL
LADM INTERLIS COLOMBIA

Hel galay caalami ee INTERLIS ee macnaha guud ee Latin American, waxa ay u muuqataa tartan xiiso leh Agustín Codazzi Institute iyo hay'adaha kale ee ku xiran Maamulka Land ee Colombia, ma aha oo kaliya taageero laftiisa oo ka dhigan Iskaashiga Swiss ah, Laakiinse dhagaxii miisaanka gaarka ah ee Machadka Colombian ee kuyaala South America. Waxaan qabaa in la ansaxiyo wanaagsan oo dheeraad ah model ah in beerihii cadastre, la xiriirinaya Diiwaanka Property, Management Land iyo dalalka Kaabayaasha Data diiradda astaanta Colombia eegi ka baxsan koorta koonfurta.

INTERLIS ogolaan sahal fulinta Domain Maamulka Model Land (ISO 19152), ugu yaraan xagga interoperability, gaar ahaan sababtoo ah waxa ay xoogaa koobaya ansaxinta wadada of files GML sida qaabab sarrifka, qalab barbaro hubiso , wareejinta iyo ansixinta. Waa inaad u qiyaasi kara, ma garato in kan Colombia ay sharci cusub waa in ay bilaabaan howlgal ah cadastre badan loo, taas oo qalabka looga baahan yahay tayada xogta labada shirkadaha gaarka loo leeyahay iyo xirfadlayaasha shahaado iyo wax ku saabsan 1.100 degmooyinka si tartiib tartiib ah irreversibly galo wareeg wafdiga awoodaha ay ku Cadastre of IGAC ama hay'adaha baahsan ... waxa INTERLIS waa heer sare functional.

imageIyo in gaaban yahay, waa in jeermiyadu ay bartaan in ay fahmaan moodalooyinka, haddii aysan ahayn, GML, UML, LADM iyo buugyarahaani waxay u egtahay sida mawduucyada barnaamijyadaa.

http://www.interlis.ch/index_e.htmdhexdhexaad ah

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